Many of us have and are working very hard to win our financial independence from debt. But on this date in 1836 a group of men, 59 delegates to the historic convention signed another type of declaration of Independence.
You see, 49 current states that or part of the current United States were annexed into the good old USA. However Texas was the only Country that was annexed into the USA by Treaty and without war elected to be be part of the USA in 1845 and officially becoming a state in 1846.
Also during this time Santa Anna with his army of nearly 5000 was in siege of the famous Alamo. And during that time the Alamo Commanding officer William Barret Travis wrote the following...
“I have answered the demand with a cannon shot, and our flag still waves proudly from the walls – I shall never surrender or retreat.”
-William Barret Travis at the Alamo, 1836
So every year on March 2, Texans celebrate a holiday that is entirely and uniquely Texan--- Texan Independence Day. The day marks the signing of the Texas Declaration of Independence at the Convention of 1836 at Wasinton-On-the-Brazos.
Of the 59 delegates at the convention were two delegates, Jose Francisco Ruiz and Jose Antonio Navarro, were native Mexicans.
The rest were immigrants from other parts of Mexico, the United States, and Europe. Two-thirds of the delegates were less than forty years old.
The delegates – and the people they represented – had a clear goal. They sought to preserve the freedoms guaranteed to them under the Mexican Constitution, which had been lost under the dictatorship of President Antonio López de Santa Anna. They modeled their Declaration on the one signed in Philadelphia 60 years earlier, expressing their just grievances, determination to protect their freedoms, and vision for a new nation: the Republic of Texas.
Unlike the deliberations today in the U.S. Congress, the Texas Declaration of Independence was non-controversial and approved swiftly. The Unanimous Declaration of Independence by the Delegates of the People of Texas was signed on March 2, 1836. Five copies were sent to the towns of Bexar, Goliad, Nacogdoches, Brazoria, and San Felipe. Because there was no printing press in Washington-on-the-Brazos, the printer at San Felipe was ordered to print 1,000 copies in handbill form. The original copy was sent to the U.S. Department of State in Washington – where it would stay for six decades before being returned to the land where it was written.
Even as the delegates signed this historic document, they knew their love of liberty might command the ultimate sacrifice. At that moment, less than 200 miles to the West, Santa Anna’s army was laying siege to the Alamo. Just days earlier, its young commander, William Barret Travis, sent a letter addressed to the people of the Republic of Texas and all Americans. He wrote:
The Travis Letter became a rallying cry for freedom across the young Republic, and though death came to the defenders of the Alamo, victory eventually came for the people of Texas. Not long after the fall of the Alamo, General Sam Houston and about 900 Texas soldiers defeated the larger Mexican army at the Battle of San Jacinto. The surprise attack was so successful that the battle lasted only 18 minutes, and the next day Santa Anna himself was captured. By this victory, Texans won the independence they had declared less than two months earlier.